What Is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?

What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?

MS is thought to be an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS consists of the brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves.

Surrounding and protecting the nerve fibers of the CNS is a fatty tissue called myelin, which helps nerve fibers conduct electrical impulses. In MS, myelin is lost in multiple areas – leaving scar tissue called sclerosis. These damaged areas are also known as plaques or lesions. Sometimes the nerve fiber itself is damaged or broken.

Myelin not only protects nerve fibers, but makes their job possible. When myelin or the nerve fiber is destroyed or damaged, the ability of the nerves to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain is disrupted, and this produces the various symptoms of MS.

MS is a chronic, unpredictable neurological disease that affects the central nervous system. It is not contagious and is not directly inherited. MS is not considered a fatal disease, and the majority of people with MS do not become severely disabled.

There is no cure for MS yet, but drugs can help slow the course and/or symptoms in some patients.

To help ACT for MS in its mission to assist local clients who have been diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis, consider donating today to make a difference here.